Alcohol, violence and disorder in Europe, 1300-1700 (book)

A.Lynn Martin, Alcohol, Violence and Disorder in Traditional Europe (Truman State University Press, 2009).

Traditional Europe had high levels of violence and of alcohol consumption, both higher than they are in modern Western societies, where studies demonstrate a link between violence and alcohol. A. Lynn Martin attempts to determine if this link can also explain the violence and disorder of traditional Europe, from about 1300 to 1700, by using an anthropological approach to examine drinking, drinking establishments, violence, and disorder, and comparing the wine-producing south with the beer-drinking north and Catholic France and Italy with Protestant England. Both Catholic and Protestant moralists believed in the link, and they condemned drunkenness and drinking establishments for causing violence and disorder. They did not advocate complete abstinence, however, for alcoholic beverages had an important role in most people's diets. Less appreciated by the moralists was alcohol's function as the ubiquitous social lubricant and the increasing importance of alehouses and taverns as centers of popular recreation. The study utilizes both quantitative and qualitative evidence from a wide variety of sources to question the beliefs of the moralists and the assumptions of modern scholars about the role of alcohol and drinking establishments in causing violence and disorder. It ends by analyzing the often-conflicting regulations of local, regional, and national governments that attempted to ensure that their citizens had a reliable supply of good drink at a reasonable cost but also to control who drank what, where, when, and how. No other comparable book examines the relationship of alcohol to violence and disorder during this period.

Posted by David Fahey on September 17, 2009 at 08:10 AM in Alcohol (general), European Union | Permalink

Europe less smoky

For a few examples of the decline of the acceptance of tobacco smoking in Europe, see here.  Thanks again to David Trippel.

Posted by David Fahey on January 28, 2009 at 01:51 PM in European Union, Tobacco | Permalink

Europe's smoking culture persists

According to the Wall Street Journal, Europe's smoking culture persists despite new anti-tobacco laws.  For more, see here.

Posted by David Fahey on January 2, 2009 at 09:31 AM in European Union, Tobacco | Permalink

This Bud is for ... EU (says the Drudge Report)

The Anheuser Busch board is expected to vote on Sunday night (13 July 2008) to accept InBev's take over bid. For details, see here.

Posted by David Fahey on July 13, 2008 at 08:47 PM in Belgium, Brewing , European Union, United States | Permalink

Finnish wine can't be sold

As a result of global warming, wine is being produced in unusual places such as Finland's Aland Islands in the Baltic Sea. Unfortunately, for the person producing the wine, European Union farm subsidy legislation prevents him from selling his beverage. He is allowed to give away his wine. Fortunately, it is a hobby for him and not a business. For more, see here.

Posted by David Fahey on June 30, 2008 at 10:13 AM in European Union, Finland, Wine | Permalink

Afghanistan, Russia, USA/NATO and opium

In the Egyptian newspaper Al-Ahram, Eric Walberg argues that for the Russian people opium addiction was the lasting result of the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan. Drugs added new pain to a people already deep into alcohol addiction. After the Soviets withdrew, the Taliban eliminated heroin production. Under the recent USA/NATO hegemony drug production boomed again despite the nominal opposition of the Western forces. By the way, the Afghans themselves prefer hashish, a form of cannabis or marijuana. For more, see here.

Posted by David Fahey on June 8, 2008 at 04:43 PM in Afghanistan, Cannabis, European Union, Opium, Russia, United States | Permalink

Science as a moral pressure group in the European Union (article)

Spode, Hasso:
Der "'Europäische Aktionsplan Alkohol' und seine Vorläufer. Wissenschaft als moralischer Interssenverband." In: Hans J. Teuteberg (ed.), Revolutionen am Esstisch. Neue Studien zur Nahrungskultur im 19./20. Jahrhundert, Stuttgart 2004, pp.282-318
(The European Alcohol Action Plan and its forerunners: science as a moral pressure group)

Posted by David Fahey on March 29, 2008 at 01:25 PM in Alcohol (general), European Union | Permalink

Viniculture in the Middle Ages (book)

Matheus, Michael (ed.):
Weinproduktion und Weinbau im Mittelalter, Stuttgart 1999
(Viniculture in the Middle Ages)

This is the first in a group of citations sent by Hasso Spode.

Posted by David Fahey on March 29, 2008 at 08:55 AM in European Union, Wine | Permalink

With the help of Calabrian crime families, do Europeans consume more cocaine than Americans?

Arguably, more cocaine now is consumed in Europe than in the United States, and the European cocaine trade is controlled by a loose Italian confederation of southern Calabrian crime families known as the Ndrangheta in alliance with the Colombian syndicate that produces the drug. For more, see here.

Posted by David Fahey on December 27, 2007 at 08:05 PM in Cocaine, Colombia, European Union, Italy, United States | Permalink

British drinking less alcohol (and much less beer)

Since the Licensing Act of 2003 has gone into effect, the British people are drinking less. In 2006 drinking fell 3.3%, while in 2005 it fell 2%. With a per capita consumption of 8.9 liters, Britain ranks 13th in Europe. There also has been a long-term shift in the United Kingdom from beer to wine. In 1980, 60% of the alcohol consumed was beer, 24% spirits, and only 14% wine. Now it is only 43% beer, 22% spirits, and 29% wine. For more, see here.

Posted by David Fahey on October 13, 2007 at 08:54 AM in Alcohol (general), Beer, Britain, European Union, Whiskey, Wine | Permalink