Morphine seldom available in India for the poor
Although India is the world's leading producer of legal morphine for medical purposes, it seldom is available for the poor people of India. Why is explained here.
Morphine and the medical profession (article)
Barry Milligan, "Morphine-Addicted Doctors, the English Opium-Easter, and the Embattled Medical Authority," Victorian Literature and Culture 33/3 (2005): 541-553. Heavy drug use by physicians in late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Opium and Narcotics in Korea under Japanese Rule, 1910-1945 (article)
Jennings, John M. “The Forgotten Plague: Opium and Narcotics in Korea under Japanese Rule, 1910-1945.” Modern Asian Studies 29:4 (1995), 795-815.
Dornbusch, Horst D. Prost! The Story of German Brewing. Boulder, Colorado: Brewers Publications, 1997.
Driscoll, Lawrence. “’Something Strange but Not Unpleasant’: Freud on Cocaine.” In Jane Lilienfeld and Jeffrey Oxford, eds., The Languages of Addiction (New York: St. Martin’s, 1999), 69-90.
These citations originally appeared in recent “Current Literature” sections of The Social History of Alcohol Review. Jon Miller and David Fahey compiled and edited them. They were also available on the Alcohol and Drugs History Society’s old website, http://athg.org. My apologies for any German characters that now appear incorrectly; these citations have been through multiple American word-processing programs and they often replace the correct characters with incorrect ones. If I knew German, I would correct them. --JM
Agreiter, M. “Das munchenbild in italienischen reisefuhrern [The image of Munich in Italian guidebooks].” Geographische Rundschau 52:3 (2000), 35-39.
Fonk, Genno. Altbier im Alltag: Biergeschichte vom Niederrhein. Duisburg: Mercator-Verlag, 1999.
Friedrich, Karin, ed. Festive Culture in Germany and Europe from the Sixteenth to the Twentieth Century. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, 2000.
Greder, Werner. D’ Brusler Dorscht: die Geschichte der Bruchsaler Gaststutten und Brauereien. Ubstadt-Weiher: Verlag Regionalkultur, 1997. [In German; beer and restaurant history of Bruschal.]
Kurzweil, Peter and Pittrow, Lothar. “Die alkaloide des schlafmohns (papaver somniferum) im licht der pharmaziegeschichte. Teil 1: von der entdeckung des morphins bis zum heroin.” Geschichte der Pharmazie 47:4 (1995), 55-60. [In German; summarizes the research of German pharmacist Friedrich W. Serturner (1783-1841) to study the discovery of morphine and heroin.]
Landsteiner, Erich. “Household, Family, and Economy among Wine-Growing Peasants: The Case of Lower Austria in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century.” History of the Family 4:2 (1999), 113-135.
Matulina, Zeljka. “Alkoholische Getranke in kroatischen und deutschen Sprichwortern.” Proverbium: Yearbook of International Proverb Scholarship 16 (1999), 227-245.
Skorsetz, Ulrike. “Der Franzose Wechselt die Mode, Wir Deutschen Dagegen Wechseln die Wirtshauser: Wirtshauser und Bierkonsum aus der Sicht Deutscher Einwanderer im Neunzehnten Jahrhundert.” [The Frenchman switches fashion; we Germans, on the other hand, switch pubs: pubs and beer consumption from the view of German immigrants in the 19th century]. Yearbook of German-American Studies 31 (1996), 37-44.
Spode, Hasso. “Alkoholismusprevention in Deutschland. Vom ‘Kreuzzug wider den Branntwein’ zum ‘Aktionsplan Alkohol’.” In Aldo Legnaro and Arnold Schmieder, eds., Suchtwirtschaft (Munster, 1999), 41-68. [On the history of alcohol prevention in Germany].
Steffens, Rudolf. “Historische Weinbauterminologie in den Spatmittelalterlichen Mainzer Rechnungen aus Oberlahnstein.” Rheinische Vierteljahrsblatter 61 (1997), 225-270. [On the jargon of winemakers in fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Oberlahnstein.]
Tlusty, B. Ann. “Gender and Alcohol in Early Modern Augsburg.” In Jack Blocker and Cheryl Krasnick Warsh, eds. The Changing Face of Drink: Substance, Imagery, and Behaviour (Ottawa, Canada: Social History, Inc., 1997), 21-42. [Abstract: “The use of alcohol in early modern German society was prescribed by carefully structured norms. Drinking, even to the point of drunkenness, was not a sign of insecurity and ‘disorder’ as many historians have claimed. Rather, participation in drinking bouts helped define and enhance men’s social status. Drunkenness was therefore tolerated among men as long as they lived up to both the rules and norms of tavern society and the demands of their role as householders. Public drinking was a male prerogative, and drunkenness among women was universally condemned. Nonetheless, when alcohol abuse interfered with the household, women could and did deploy public power to impose limits on men’s drinking behaviour” (21).]
Tlusty, B. Ann. “Water of Life, Water of Death: the Controversy over Brandy and Gin in Early Modern Augsburg.” Central European History 31:1-2 (1998), 1-30.
Wassenberg, Karl. “Die kulturelle Genese der Sucht.” In Aldo Legnaro and Arnold Schmieder, eds., Suchtwirtschaft (Munster, 1999), 11-26. [On the disease model of addiction and Pietism.]
Turkey + Opium = $60 Million
Zaman Daily News reports (29 May 2005) that Turkey, which owns one of the biggest opium alkaloid factories, annually earns $60 million through exporting opium poppy seeds and morphine. The factory, which processes 20,000 tons of opium poppy capsules each year, also produces 75 tons of morphine. Turkey exports 95 percent of its production and provides 30 percent of the world's consumption alone. Find the full story here.