Catholic temperance societies in Toronto in the 1870s (article)
This is an old but neglected article available as a PDF text on the Internet.
Brian P. Clarke, "'Heroic Virtue': The Catholic Temperance Crusade in Toronto during the 1870s," CCHA, Historical Studies 54 (1987): 57-67. Irish Catholic women joined parish confraternities but not Irish Catholic men who made the tavern the center of their social life. Priests hoped to break the grip of the tavern with a temperance crusade.